So far the history of Kaziranga is concerned Lady Curzon first heard about Rhino of Kaziranga from her British tea planter friends and came to Assam in 1904-05. Although she could not see the animal but spotted hoof prints with three toes. Which concerned Lady Curzon that such an animal did exist. On her return she persuaded Lord Curzon to do something to save these animals from total annihilation. Lord Curzon set the wheels of British bureaucracy rolling and on 1st June, 1905, a preliminary notification announcing the intention of the Government to declare 57, 27360 acres of Kaziranga as a reserved forest was issued. Finally Kaziranga was declared as reserved forest on 3rd January, 1908 and was officially closed for shooting.
On 28th January, 1913 the area of reserved forest was expanded with the inclusion of another 13509 acres. Kaziranga was declared as “Game Sanctuary” on 10th November, 1916. In 1938 the then conservator of forest, A.J.W. Milory stopped all poaching and opened Kaziranga to visitors. Because the word ‘game’ connotated animals for hunting, in 1950, the then senior conservator of forest Mr. P.D. Stracey, changed the term to ‘wildlife sanctuary’. Gradually the sancturary begun as a nucleus encompassing a small area, expanded to its present size. 0n 11th February, 1974, the designation was changed to “Kaziranga National Park’. And finally Kaziranga National Park was declared ‘World Heritage site”.
Major Wildlife Attractions of Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary
Beside of course the great one horned Indian Rhino, the other major wild attractions include a large population of Indian Elephants, Indian Bison, Swamp Deer or Barasingha, Hog Deer, Sloth Bears, Tigers, Leopard Cats, Jungle Cats, Otters, Hog Badgers, Capped Langurs, Hoolock Gibbons, Wild Boar, Jackal, Wild Buffalo, Pythons, Monitor Lizards, etc.Kaziranga National Park is a birding paradise; the grasslands are a raptor country that can be seen on safari makes a remarkable experience. These include the Oriental Honey Buzzard, Black-Shouldered Kite, Black Kite, Brahminy Kite, Pallas’s Fishing Eagle, White Tailed Eagle, Grey-Headed Fishing Eagle, Himalayan Griffon, etc. Huge numbers of migratory birds descend on the parks lakes and marshy areas during winters, including Greylag Geese, Bar-Headed Geese, Ruddy Shelduck, Gadwall, Falcated Duck, Red-Crested Pochard and Northern Shoveller.
Other Attractions In Kaziranga
Elephant Safari: The vast open country makes Kaziranga National Park very accessible and wildlife viewing fairly pleasurable. Here one can leave in the early hours of the dawn for an elephant-back-ride. Authorized and trained Mahouts who guide visitors through the park train the Elephants. One could see wild Elephant herds roaming around or Indian Rhinos browse past visitors unconcernedly. Since Kaziranga wildlife Sanctuary is easily accessible, its provides a chance to see animals in the wild at such close quarters, thus making a trip to this National Park a very rewarding experience.
Sightseeing in Kaziranga: Tourists can stroll through the lush coffee and rubber plantations of the nearby Karbi Anglong. Or visit the Karbi villages, meet the Karbi people and observe their way of living. You can also venture through the tea gardens that Assam is so famous for and watch how one gets one’s daily cup of tea. Film shows on wildlife can be arranged at the various tourist lodges in Kaziranga, on request
Best Time to Visit Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga’s visiting season is from mid-November to early April months. During the monsoons, the Brahmaputra River bursts its banks, flooding the low-lying grasslands and causing animals to migrate from one area to another within the Kaziranga National Park.